Jean Paul Sartre
Existentialist Themes In His Writings
(Kindle Edition)

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Jean Paul Sartre : Existentialist Themes In His Writings is the re-presentation of the doctoral thesis of the author. A few additions, modifications and restructuring have been introduced in order to suit the book format. The original matter and material of the research topic have been included without much change so as to be beneficial to the new generation of readers of Sartre. The study has not been a project to pronounce critical judgement on Sartre or to compartmentalize his ideas and classify him into pre-defined and pre-occupied categories. It is an honest attempt to understand the underlying themes of existential philosophy in his vast and fabulous literary works.
The first part of the book deals with existentialism and its emergence and predominance in the twentieth century. The analysis of the concept of being and the various categories of existence is discussed with special emphasis on Sartrean treatment of the idea of Being and Nothingness. This part also deals with the evolution of thought of Sartre during almost five decades of his remarkable philosophical sojourn. The most predominant and conspicuous theories of existentialism are mentioned as intelligibly as possible, right from Kierkegaard, the father of existentialism, the human dilemmas and predicaments are described in order to understand the literary implications and connotations. The crisis of human existence, the agony, boredom, anxiety, frustration, dread, apprehensions, liberty,bondage, and above all the solitude and alienation of modern man are all depicted with philosophical profundity.
An attempt is also made to study the process of making of the existentialist. Sartre’s childhood, formative influences, public honours, study of philosophy and literature, companionship with others, political engagement , relationship with the lifelong female companion Simone De Beauvoir and other women all make his life interesting and inspiring. He was a philosopher by training and profession but had a profound imaginative and creative disposition of mind. This exquisitely charming inclination of mind found expression in prolific literary creations.
The second part of the book deals with the inalienable rapport of philosophy and literature. Sartre, like other existentialists, was aware of the profound possibilities of literature as a powerful medium of creative expression. He explored the impenetrable recesses of the human existence through his characters. Sartre’s literary characters are entangled and entrapped in freedom, responsibility, alienation, death, guilt, ennui, nausea, lethargy, lassitude, anguish and perverted behavioural patterns. Merlau Ponty in his Phenomenology of Perception remarked that true philosophy is the re-learning to look at the world and in this sense a simple story can present the world with as much depth and meaning as would a philosophical treatise.
Sartre was deeply conscious of the basic contradictions, abnormalities, anomalies and vicissitudes of existence which escaped any rational and logical explanation. So he attempted to carry out an imaginative and emotional exploration of specific human situations. This extols the characters in a play or novel to the ecstatic realms of sublimity and of sublime realities and transcendental beings. Sartre’s existentialist ideas in the philosophical treatises are transformed into literary works. The philosophical reflections of Roquentin in the novel Nausea is the literary culmination of the apparently unintelligible philosophical masterpiece Being and Nothingness. Sartre’s novels, dramas, short stories are all based on many varied and variegated philosophical themes. This part also deals with the influence of Sartre on writers and the younger generation who witnessed the post war precariousness and predicaments.
Prof.Dr.George Vareekal .M.A.(Eng.,Pol.Sci.) Ph.D.(English),LL.B.,Dip.T.,D.E.L.T.,D.Phil.(Gold Medallist), HOD(Dept of English) Seva Sadan College, Burhanpur (MP)India- 450331

AuthorDr.George Vareekal
BindingKindle Edition
Edition1
FormatKindle eBook
LanguageEnglish
Language TypePublished
Number Of Pages298
Product GroupeBooks
Publication Date2017-05-10
Release Date2017-05-10
Sales Rank24955

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